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Wood & Bog Turtles
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Pond turtles or marsh turtles belong to the scientific family Emydidae. Pond and marsh turtles make up the biggest family of turtles. There are just over 90 different species of them. Most live in lakes, ponds, and rivers. A few spend most of their time on land. Emydidae, with the exception of two species of pond turtles, is entirely a Western Hemisphere family. Emydids are the turtles most commonly sold through the pet trade. The pond slider (Trachemys scripta) has expanded its range through the careless release of pets into the wild. Many Asian species are threatened by over-collection of animals for sale in markets and into the pet trade. They range in length from 6 to 13 inches (15 to 33 cm). With the exception of a few terrestrial forms, such as the box turtles (Terrapene) of North and Central America, Emydid turtles are aquatic reptiles with streamlined shells. Coloration is also quite variable. The family doesn't have a distinguishing suite of superficial characters. In some species, the carapace is domed, while most have a low-arching carapace. The plastron is hinged and movable in some, while fixed in others. Food habits range from strictly carnivorous to strictly herbivorous. The carnivores feed on annelids, crustaceans, and fish. In several species, a shift from carnivory in juveniles to herbivory in adults occurs. There are two Sub-families of Pond Turtles: Pond Turtles (Emydinae) and Pond Turtles (Deirochelyinae). Emydinae include: Spotted Turtles (Clemmys), European Pond Turtles (Emys), North American Wood and Bog Turtles (Glyptemys) and Box Turtles (Terrapene). Deirochelyinae include: Painted Turtles (Chrysemys), Chicken Turtles (Deirochelys), Map Turtles (Graptemys), Terrapins (Malaclemys), Cooters (Pseudemys) and Sliders (Trachemys).
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Euro-Asian Pond Turtles
Family: Emydidae Pet Turtles - Aquatic Turtles - Types of Turtles
Nauti-Lass Ponds & Critters, Inc.
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